Posts Tagged ‘Bombay Dub Orchestra’

Bombay Dub Orchestra in Echoes Podcast

January 31, 2014

Hear Bombay Dub Orchestra tell
Tales from the Grand Bazaar on ECHOES PODCAST

TalesGo directly here for BDO Podcast

I first heard of Garry Hughes back in the 1980s when he was making space music albums like Ancient Evenings and Sacred Cities for the Audion label.  He gone on to be a top producer and session musician in England.  Andrew T. MacKay is also an English session artist playing keyboards and arranging orchestras.  In the mid 2000’s they created a concept called Bombay Dub Orchestra, mixing electronic moods, Bollywood strings, Indian instruments and reggae dub strategies.  Their two previous CDs, Bombay Dub Orchestra and Three Cities were both Echoes CDs of the Month. They’ve just released their third full-length album, Tales from the Grand Bazaar and it should have been a CD of the Month pick.  The album takes them from India to Istanbul to Jamaica where Reggae rhythm legends Sly Dunbar & Robbie Shakespeare recorded with them.  It’s an album of serene and soaring strings, seductive rhythms, and gorgeous melodies spun from eastern instruments and voices.   Hear tales from  Bombay Dub Orchestra when I interview them ECHOES PODCAST

John Diliberto (((echoes)))

Oblivion-cvrJoin the Echoes CD of the Month Club.  Hammock’s Oblivion Hymns is our January   CD of the Month.  You’ll get great CDs and help support Echoes at the same time.   You can do it all right here.

OR

Pick Up  TRANSMISSIONS:
THE ECHOES LIVING ROOM CONCERTS VOLUME 19

LRC19-250pxJoin us on Facebook where you’ll get all the Echoes news so you won’t be left behind when Dead Can Dance appear on the show, Tangerine Dream tours or Brian Eno drops a new iPad album. Or Follow us on Twitter@echoesradio.

Now you can go Mobile with Echoes On-Line. Find out how you can listen to Echoes 24/7 wherever you are on your iPhone, iPad or Droid.

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From India to Istanbul, England to Jamaica: Bombay Dub Orchestra

January 27, 2014

Hear Bombay Dub Orchestra talk about their wonderful new CD,
Tales from the Grand Bazaar tonight on Echoes.

TalesI first heard of Garry Hughes back in the 1980s when he was making space music albums like Ancient Evenings and Sacred Cities for the Audion label.  He gone on to be a top producer and session musician in England.  Andrew T. MacKay is also an English session artist playing keyboards and arranging orchestras.  In the mid 2000’s they created a concept called Bombay Dub Orchestra, mixing electronic moods, Bollywood strings, Indian instruments and reggae dub strategies.  Their two previous CDs, Bombay Dub Orchestra and Three Cities were both Echoes CDs of the Month. They’ve just released their third full-length album, Tales from the Grand Bazaar and it should have been a CD of the Month pick.  The album takes them from India to Istanbul to Jamaica where Reggae rhythm legends Sly Dunbar & Robbie Shakespeare recorded with them.  It’s an album of serene and soaring strings, seductive rhythms, and gorgeous melodies spun from eastern instruments and voices.   Hear tales from  Bombay Dub Orchestra when I interview them tonight on Echoes.

John Diliberto (((echoes)))

Oblivion-cvrJoin the Echoes CD of the Month Club.  Hammock’s Oblivion Hymns is our January   CD of the Month.  You’ll get great CDs and help support Echoes at the same time.   You can do it all right here.

OR

Pick Up  TRANSMISSIONS:
THE ECHOES LIVING ROOM CONCERTS VOLUME 19

LRC19-250pxJoin us on Facebook where you’ll get all the Echoes news so you won’t be left behind when Dead Can Dance appear on the show, Tangerine Dream tours or Brian Eno drops a new iPad album. Or Follow us on Twitter@echoesradio.

Now you can go Mobile with Echoes On-Line. Find out how you can listen to Echoes 24/7 wherever you are on your iPhone, iPad or Droid.

Echoes November Top 25

November 26, 2013

Moby’s not that innocent, but Innocents leads the Echoes Top 25 for November.

InnocentsHaven’t voted in the Best of Echoes 2013 Poll yet?  You could do worse than any 10 CDs from November’s Top 25.  Of course, Moby’s CD of the Month, Innocents leads the way, and just 3 away from the top is December’s pick, David Helpling & Jon Jenkins epic Found.  You’ll hear that album featured on Monday, 12/2 on Echoes.  Juliette Commagere’s entrancing electro-song-cycle, Humans comes in at number 2.  HumanDid you hear her incredible performance on Echoes this past Monday? While veterans like Hammock, Vic Hennegan and Bombay Dub Orchestra are high up on the list, there’s a lot of new names.  Among them, London Grammar, Dream Koala, Minor Alps, Darkside and Cosmo Frequency.

VOTE in BEST OF ECHOES 2013 POLL

VOTE in BEST OF ECHOES 2013 POLL

Don’t forget to vote in the Best of Echoes 2013 Poll where you can win some great Echoes prizes, and contribute to the best year end list on the planet.  Here’s the top 25.

ECHOES TOP 25 FOR NOVEMBER 2013

    1. MobyInnocents (Mute) iTunes
    2. Juliette CommagereHuman (Aeronaut Records) iTunes
    3. David Helpling & Jon JenkinsFound (Spotted Peccary) iTunes
    4. London GrammarIf You Wait (Metal & Dust) iTunes
    5. Gary NumanSplinter: Songs from a Broken Mind (Machine Music USA Inc.) iTunes
    6. HammockOblivion Hymns (Hammock Music)
    7. Julianna BarwickNepenthe (Dead Oceans) iTunes
    8. Bombay Dub OrchestraTales from the Grand Bazaar (Six Degrees) iTunes
    9. Dream Koala Odyssey (Splendid Music) iTunes
    10. Vic HenneganJourney to Sirius (Alien Tribes Music) iTunes
    11. Still CornersStrange Pleasures (Sub Pop) iTunes
    12. Desert DwellersNight Visions: Desert Dwellers Selected Remixes (Black Swan Sounds) iTunes
    13. EklipseElectric Air (The End) iTunes
    14. Anoushka ShankarTraces of You (Deutsche Grammophon) iTunes
    15. EuphoriaE4:Instrumental (Euphoria) iTUnes
    16. Agnes ObelAventine (Pias America) iTUnes
    17. Minor AlpsGet There (Barsuk) iTUnes
    18. DarksidePsychic (Matador Records) iTUnes
    19. Mazzy StarSeasons of Your Day (Ingrooves) iTUnes
    20. Cosmo FrequencySoundtrack to Life (Good Moves Music) iTUnes
    21. Mary Fahl Love & Gravity (Mary Fahl) iTUnes
    22. Matt Borghi and Michael TeagerConvocation (Matt Borghi & Michael Teager) iTUnes
    23. MobyEveryone is Gone – EP (Mute)
    24. Bryan CarriganBelow Zero (Peonies Music) iTUnes
    25. zerO OnesOnar (Waveform) iTUnes

John Diliberto (((echoes)))

ECHOES CD OF THE MONTH CLUB SPECIAL

InnocentsNew members of the Echoes CD of the Month Club will get Moby’s Innocents album, our November CD of the Month and a BONUS CD of Bombay Dub Orchestra’s Tales from the Grand Bazaar.  You’ll get great CDs and help support Echoes at the same time.  You’ll also get the new Echoes CD, Transmissions: The Echoes Living Room Concerts V19, You can do it all right here.
TalesEchoes On Line

Now you can go Mobile with Echoes On-Line. Find out how you can listen to Echoes 24/7 wherever you are on your iPhone, iPad or Droid.

Join us on Facebook where you’ll get all the Echoes news so you won’t be left behind when Dead Can Dance appear on the show, Tangerine Dream tours or Brian Eno drops a new iPad album. Or Follow us on Twitter@echoesradio.

Tonight on Echoes, Connections from 1967 to 2013.

October 9, 2013

60’s Psych-Progressions, 70’s Krautrock, New World Fusion
and Ambient Chamber music Tonight on Echoes.

Donovan-SunshineI must be feeling a bit nostalgic today.  I find myself going back to some of my earliest musical influences and to the early days of Echoes.  From the 1960s, I’ve got a song by Donovan, an artist who I think is an underrated influence on contemporary singer-songwriters.  His Sunshine Superman, is, song-for-song, a beautiful document of 60s tripped out psychedelia and optimism.  We’ll hear a tune from that album that looks to the darkside.  Then it’s up to 1969 and the debut from King Crimson, In the Court of the Crimson King.  Unlike the contemporary editions of this band, early Krimson could knock out a few ballads, especially when Greg Lake was singing the words of Pete Sinfield.   Moving up a decade, I’ll be dialing up some krautrock by Michael Rother from his second album, Sterntaler, with that beautiful guitar sound, the motoric drumming of Jaki Liebezeit and production from the late-Conny Plank.

FamiliarFrom the early days of Echoes, look for music by Patrick O’Hearn, a musician who has remained a signature artist on the show from day one.   Then there’s an album by Roger Eno & Kate St. John. Roger is Brian’s younger piano playing brother.  St. John played oboe in The Dream Academy.  They made an early album of ambient chamber music called The Familiar before going on to form the chamber rock group, Channel Light Vessel with Bill Nelson.  We’ll hear one of many haunting tracks from The Familiar.

MORCHEEBA-Head-Up-High-300x277But of course, this is Echoes and I have lots of new music for you.  We’ll hear from the new album by Bombay Dub Orchestra, Tales from the Grand Bazaar as they continue to be masters of eastern fusion.  Morcheeba returns with a new album,  Head Up High  featuring singer Skye Edwards,  and I have new music by Pieter Nooten.  You may remember him from Clan of Xymox, an 80s new wave band on 4AD.  He went on to record a much loved album, Sleeps with Fishes with Michael Brook.  Now he returns with a double CD of ambient chamber music, Haven.

It’s all there and more tonight on Echoes.

John Diliberto (((echoes)))

WorldsBeyondSign up for Echoes CD of the Month Club.   CD of the Month Club members will be getting Akara’s The World Beyond.  Follow the link to the Echoes CD of the Month Club and see what you’ve been missing.

Choose either a one time $1000 or on-going $84 Monthly PaymentSupport Echoes by becoming a member of the Echoes Sound Circle.

Think of the great artists you love on Echoes. Think of the informative interviews and exclusive live performances. Then, think of a world without Echoes. You can make sure that never happens by becoming a member of the Echoes Sound Circle.

Echoes is a non-profit 501(c3) organization just like your local public radio station. And all donations are tax deductible. You can support 130528_EchoesEchoes with a monthly donation that will barely disturb your credit card.

Join the Echoes Sound Circle and keep the soundscapes of Echoes flowing!

Bombay Dub Orchestra Returns

September 26, 2013

Bombay Dub Orchestra & Emiliana Torrini Release first new albums in five years.

TalesIt’s been a longtime waiting for new music by east-west-electronica mavens, Bombay Dub Orchestra.  The team of Garry Hughes & Andrew T.  MacKay created some of the definitive world fusion music of the new millennium with their self-titled debut and 3 Cities, both of which were Echoes CD of the Month picks.  With electronics and Indian music as the core of their sound, they travel to further flung climes with Tales from the Grand Bazaar bringing in middle eastern elements from Turkey and living up to the “Dub” part of their name with appearances by Sly Dunbar & Robbie Shakespeare, rhythm icons of Jamaican reggae.   Their seamless blending of orchestra, electronics, global instruments and modern grooves makes them true inhabitants of the 21st Century global village.  We’ll hear music from them today.

Emiliana Torrini - Tookah

Emiliana Torrini – Tookah

We’ve also got new music from Emiliana Torrini, the Icelandic singer with the un-Icelandic name.  Her father is Italian and Emiliana currently lives in Italy.  Like Bombay Dub Orchestra, it’s been five years since her last album of new music although we’ve heard her quite a bit this year on Olivier Libaux’s Uncovered Queens of the Stone Age.   After moving into abstracted terrain with Me and Arini in 2008, Torrini returns to melodic form with Tookah, a word that looks and sounds like hookah, but has nothing to do with that, I think.

So lighten up yourself and take a toke on the Tookah tonight on Echoes.

John Diliberto (((echoes)))

Little_Things_CoverSign up for Echoes CD of the Month Club.   CD of the Month Club members will be getting Darshan Ambient’s Little Things 10 days before its released.  Follow the link to the Echoes CD of the Month Club and see what you’ve been missing.

Choose either a one time $1000 or on-going $84 Monthly PaymentSupport Echoes by becoming a member of the Echoes Sound Circle.

Think of the great artists you love on Echoes. Think of the informative interviews and exclusive live performances. Then, think of a world without Echoes. You can make sure that never happens by becoming a member of the Echoes Sound Circle.

Echoes is a non-profit 501(c3) organization just like your local public radio station. And all donations are tax deductible. You can support Echoes with a monthly donation that will barely disturb your credit card. 130528_Echoes

Join the Echoes Sound Circle and keep the soundscapes of Echoes flowing!

Bombay Dub Orchestra Remixed and Wrecked.

September 21, 2012

Bombay Dub Orchestra have been fusing eastern and electronic music for several years now and doing it with a grace and elegance that is unparalleled.   I still go back to their 2006 eponymous debut  album which sounds as fresh now as it did then.  Their mix of eastern modes and musicians, with  lush strings channeled through electronica and dub transformations, forged a sensual, seductive and enraptured  east-west exotica.

So why was I struck with dread when I saw the release of BDO’s album, The New York Remixes?  It’s because so many remix albums are just an excuse to use a name and a few exotic touches of an artist’s music to create dance floor grooves that by and large are generic. I still cringe when I think of the Patrick O’Hearn remix album, Mix Up.  So does O’Hearn.

So often remix artists take music that is delicate in melody and subtle and complex in rhythm and strip it down to four on the floor tom hits and handclaps.  I remember Thrash, then of The Orb, telling me that when they remixed Mike Oldfield’s Tubular Bells, he wanted to speed it up so fast that it would be just a blip that he would use as a drum hit.  Inveterate hippie Alex Patterson wouldn’t have it.

“I’m thinking, this is semi-sacred sort of thing.  It’s got to be put on.  We eventually came to an agreement where we could have a backward one as opposed to a forward one.”

Still, you’d be hard pressed to find any of Mike Oldfields melody in their remix.

There are exceptions.  Solar Stone always seems to tap into a more serene aspect of any artist and the album of Ulrich Schnauss remixes, Missing Deadlines, is a wonder of anthemic drive and euphoric ecstasy.

But from the opening thud of Bombay Dub Orchestra’s “Compassion – Pivotal Movement Remix,” it’s clear that subtle will go out the window.  Three remixers take a whack at brutalizing this song. They all have something of merit.  Pivotal drops in swooning  bass,   loops several voices of the song into a canon and has some startling pressure drops,  but the beauty of the original is lost.  For point of reference, here’s the original:

Likewise Force of Change makes some interesting dubstep moves on “Monsoon Malabar”, but in the process ruins everything that was beautiful about that song.  With “Junoon,” remixed by EarthRise SoundSystemThe New York Remixes hits its nadir, with a generic hip-hop groove and forgettable raps by no less than three MCs.  Why does anyone think this is a good idea?

Sound Shikara seems to understand the moods of “The Berber of Seville” for a minute.  Not surprisingly perhaps, he’s from Oman, not New York.  But it isn’t long before he launches into a ferocious dub-step groove of doom.  The original “Berber” strings have little to do with the rhythms he’s created making it almost a Cagian “Indeterminacy Music” effect.  But I don’t think that was the intent.

Of course, you can go the other way.  Moby frequently, if not always, creates remixes of his music.  And frequently, if not always, he strips out everything that made the song interesting and turns it into vaporous ambience.  We went 5 or 6 songs deep into his Wait for Me album, but I could barely find a piece to play off Wait for Me, Ambient.  Same thing with Destroyed Remixed, even though both original releases were Echoes CD of the Month selections.

When you’re handed someone else’s music to remix, I think there should be an obligation to respect the original spirit of the song, to draw upon the best elements of the composition and production, but also  bring something new or discover a hidden facet.  Just turning a song into a dance tune just isn’t enough, and is not interesting.

Surprisingly Bombay Dub Orchestra have done some cool remixes themselves like their take on Juno Reactor’s “Pistolero,” Miklós Rózsa’s “Love Theme from Ben-Hur” and Azam Ali’s “Abode.”  You can hear several of these on the BDO website.

And completely aside from its intrinsic artistic merits, there’s no Echoes on this disc.  Where are the chill mixes guys?   Meanwhile, I eagerly await a new Bombay Dub Orchestra album.

~© 2012 John Diliberto ((( echoes )))

Echoes On LineNow you can go Mobile with Echoes On-Line.  Find out how you can listen to Echoes 24/7 wherever you are on your iPhone, iPad or Droid.

You get great CDs like Dead Can Dance’s  Anastasis  by becoming a member of the Echoes CD of the Month Club.  Follow the link and see what you’ve been missing.

Join us on Facebook where you’ll get all the Echoes news so you won’t be left behind Dead Can Dance appear on the show, Tangerine Dream tours, or Brian Eno releases a new CD.’

Best of Echoes 2008 Listener Poll Results

December 15, 2008

3 Cities The Best of Echoes 2008 Listener Poll is over and the results are in. You can hear them tonight on Echoes and you can see them below.
Bombay Dub Orchestra’s 3 Cities, the November Echoes CD of the Month topped the poll and it led a list of eclectic music from across the Echoes spectrum. I don’t know that there were any surprises.

Six of the selections were CDs of the Month.  Fourteen of the artists appeared on the show with interviews, performances or both.

Echoes listeners were a bit ahead of the curve. Many year end lists will have Ludovico Einaudi’s Divenire on their selections. But we had that in 2007. Instead, you selected his Live In Berlin CD, which isn’t even out in the US yet.

Your love of Urlich Schnauss continues, voting in Stars, which is only an EP, with only one track played on Echoes. Will Ackerman made a surprise showing at #3 with his understated Meditations CD, which is only available at Target.

There were only 5 albums on the list from major labels. Sixteen CDs came from small independent labels ranging from Lotus Spike to Six Degrees. Four CDs were self-released.

 Thanks for voting. If you’re looking for CDs to add to you collection or iPod, you couldn’t find a better place to start, except maybe the 25 Essential Echoes CDs of 2008  😉  You can also read more about this year’s music with  25 Essential Echoes CDs for 2008: A study in confluence 

THE BEST OF ECHOES 2008 LISTENER POLL 

1 Bombay Dub Orchestra
3 Cities
(Six Degrees)

read a review
2 California Guitar Trio
Echoes
(Inner Knot)
3 William Ackerman
Meditations
(Compass Productions)
4 Sumner McKane
What A Great Place to Be
(Don’t Hit Your Sister Records)
read a review

5 Ottmar Liebert
The Scent of Light
(Spiral Subwave Records Int’l)
read a review
6 David Arkenstone
Echoes of Light and Shadow
(Gemini Sun Records)
7 R. Carlos Nakai
Talisman
(Canyon Records)
8 David Gilmour
Live in Gdansk
(Sony)
9 General Fuzz
Soulful Filling
(Self Released)
10 Ludovico Einaudi
Live in Berlin
(Ponderosa Italy)
11 Ahn Trio
Lullaby for My Favorite Insominac
(Sony BMG)

12 Fripp & Eno
Beyond Even (1992-2006)
(DGM)
13 Hammock
Maybe They Will Sing For Us Tomorrow
(Darla Records)

See the rest of the list

14 Biomusique
The 10,000 Steps
(Kosmic Music)

read a review

15 Ulrich Schnauss
Stars EP
(Domino)
16 Sigur Rós
With a Buzz in Our Ears We Play Endlessly
(XL Recordings)
17 Coyote Oldman
Under an Ancient Sky
(Hearts of Space
)
18 Alu
Lobotomy Sessions
(Alu Music)

19 Digitonal
Save Your Light for Darker Days
(Just Music)
read a review

20 Steve Roach
Arc of Passion

(Projekt)
21 Jami Sieber
Unspoken
(Out Front Music)
read a review

22 Bill Frisell
History, Mystery

(Nonesuch)
23 Kevin Bartlett
Glow in the Dark
(Aural Gratification)


24 Darshan Ambient
From Pale Hands to Weary Eyes(Lotuspike)

25 Kaki King
Dreaming of Revenge
(Velour Recordings)

Echoes Top 25 for November: Bombay Dub Tops

December 1, 2008

World music fusions bookend the Echoes Top 25 for November as electronic artists and acoustic revisionists dominate the list.  Bombay Dub Orchestra, our November CD of the Month, tops the list, (read a full review)  followed closely by the independent release from Vic Hennegan, Aqua Vista his homage to space music.  You can find out more about that CD in Hennegan’s Echo Location.   Fernwood’s global Americana chamber music came in high based on their wonderful live performance for Thanksgiving.   You can hear and read more about them in an Echo Location.   Expect to hear more about John Gregorius, whose #5 CD will be number one in December as our Echoes CD of the Month (read review and Echo Location).   Sumner McKane remains strong as does General Fuzz.  Check out the Echoes Blog for profiles, music and Echo Locations on many of these artists.

 ECHOES TOP 25

NOVEMBER 2008

 

1. Bombay Dub Orchestra 3 Cities Six Degrees Records
2. Vic Hennegan Aqua Vista Alien Tribe Records
3. Fernwood Almeria Self Released
4. Anja Lechner and Vasillis Tsabropoulos Melos ECM Records

5. John Gregorius Heaven and Earth Spotted Peccary
6. Sumner McKane What A Great Place to Be Don’t Hit Your Sister Records
7. Solas For Love and Laughter Compass Records
8. Ronn McFarlane Indigo Road Dorian
9. General Fuzz Soulful Filling Self Released
10. Peter Kater & Dominic Miller In a Dream Point of Light Records
11. Sundad The Journey Continues Sundad Records
12. The Glimmer Room Home Without the Journey Neu Harmony and A-Frame Media

13. Jeff Pearce Rainshadow Sky Jeff Pearce Music
14. Saul Stokes Villa Galaxia Binary/Stokesmusic
15. Johann Johannsson Fordlandia 4AD/Touch

16. Jenny Scheinman Crossing the Field Koch/Cryptogramophone/Tzadik
17. Digitonal Save Your Light for Darker Days Just Music
18. Jesse Cook Frontiers Koch Records
19. Alu Lobotomy Sessions Alu Music
20. Spirits in Ambience Sahara Aurora Blue

21. Karda Estra The Last of the Libertine  Cyclops Records
22. Goddamn Electric Bill Topics for Gossip 99x/10
23. The Imagined Village The Imagined Village Real World
24. Doug Smith Guitar Parts Solid Air Records
25. Ablaye Cissoko & Volker Goetze Sira ObliqSound
Sumner McKane‘s
What A Great Place to Be
 
was the
Echoes CD of the Month for October 2008
Read the Review!
 
 

Echo Location: Bombay Dub Orchestra

October 29, 2008

A journey into exotica with Bombay Dub Orchestra

You can hear an audio version of this blog with music.

East-west fusions have been going on since at least the early 1960s when Indian sitarist Ravi Shankar sat down with musicians like jazz saxophonist Bud Shank and classical violinist Yehudi Menuhin That cross-legged crossover hasn’t stopped and one of the latest iterations comes from the Bombay Dub Orchestra.

Bombay Dub Orchestra Bombay Dub Orchestra put out their first album in 2006, and it redefined the east west landscape. It was created by two veteran English musicians. Garry Hughes and Andrew T. Mackay. Hughes had put out a pair of solo electronic CDs in the 1980s and went on to work with Björk and helped launch the band, Euphoria. Mackay was a journeyman musician playing keyboards and doing orchestral scoring. They got together on a session that took them to Mumbai, India and the idea of Bombay Dub Orchestra, to combine Bollywood string orchestras, Indian solists and electroni3 Citiescs, was born.

There are a lot of acts sampling world music, but Bombay Dub Orchestra’s compositions are played  by live musicians, 70 or so on their new CD, 3 Cities. Bansuri flutes, sitars, and santoors float through a landscape of lush Bollywood string orchestras arranged by Andrew T. Mackay.   Bombay Dub Orchestra set these acoustic instruments in an electronically percolating backdrop mostly provided by Garry Hughes’ from his collection of vintage synthesizers. Garry creates the soundpool where east and west, ancient and modern converge.

The new album by The Bombay Dub Orchestra is called 3 Cities.  The name is a reference to their travels to London, Mumbai and Chennai to record the album and it has a cinematic expanse, like one of those exotic 1950’s road movies transferred to the 21st century.

Bombay Dub Orchestras 3 Cities is the Echoes CD of the Month for November and I’ll be featuring it next Monday, November 3 and we’ll hear an interview with Bombay Dub Orchestra the following Monday, November 10 on Echoes. This has been an Echo Location, Soundings for New Music.  You can hear an audio version of this Echo Location with music.  You can also read a full review of 3 Cities.
John Diliberto ((( echoes )))


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